As winter approaches, keeping warm becomes important and the ward profile for Katesgrove produced by Reading Borough Council states that “5.6% of houses in Katesgrove do not have central heating”.
The ward profiles are fascinating documents full of lots of, sometimes mystifying, statistics. Here at the Whitley Pump, we wanted to investigate this statistic further.
The profile goes on to say that “this is more households than the Reading average”, that the Reading average is 2.9%, that the lowest is 0.8% and the highest is 5.6%.
Katesgrove is bottom of the league for this statistic within Reading, and Mapledurham at the top with less than 1% of households without central heating.
The data comes from the 2011 census, which recorded 4,454 dwellings in Katesgrove [ref 1]. This is the headline number in the housing section of the ward profile. Most dwellings are classified as single ‘household spaces’ but there are 17 dwellings classified as shared, with more than one household space. This results in a total of 4,522 household spaces, 68 more than the number of dwellings [ref 2]. Of these, 292 have no usual residents and central heating data is not available for them, and 4,230 do have usual residents. The latter is the relevant number to be used in the calculation of the percentage of households without central heating [ref 3].
There are 237 housing spaces in Katesgrove with at least one usual resident and no central heating; this is 5.6% of 4,230 or about 1 in 18. 75% of households with central heating have the gas variety.
Census data about households without central heating is one of the statistics included in the calculation of ‘living environment deprivation’ for the English Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2015. It is used as a measure of houses which are expensive to heat [ref 4]. ‘Living environment deprivation’ also includes statistics for housing in poor condition, air quality and road traffic accidents.
The IMD measures income, employment, education, health, crime, barriers to housing and services, and living environment deprivation. Using this index, the ward profile says that Katesgrove is the sixth most deprived of Reading’s 16 wards.
- Dwelling definition: A dwelling is a unit of accommodation which may comprise one or more household spaces (a household space is the accommodation used or available for use by an individual household). A dwelling may be classified as shared or unshared. A dwelling is shared if: the household spaces it contains have the accommodation type “part of a converted or shared house”, not all of the rooms (including kitchen, bathroom and toilet, if any) are behind a door that only that household can use, and there is at least one other such household space at the same address with which it can be combined to form the shared dwelling. Dwellings that do not meet these conditions are unshared dwellings.
- Household Space definition: A household space is the accommodation used or available for use by an individual household. Household spaces are identified separately in census results as those with at least one usual resident, and those that do not have any usual residents. A household space with no usual residents may still be used by short-term residents, visitors who were present on census night, or a combination of short-term residents and visitors. Vacant household spaces and household spaces that are used as second addresses are also classified in census results as household spaces with no usual residents.
- Central heating definition: A household’s accommodation is classified as having central heating if it is present in some or all rooms (whether used or not). Central heating is classified by type, for example one or more of the types – gas, electric (including storage heaters), oil, solid fuel (for example wood or coal) or other types (including solar, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) or other bottled gas). This information is not available for household spaces with no usual residents.
- The English Indices of Deprivation 2015 Technical Report p52
All definitions are included in the downloadable census 2011 glossary
- Katesgrove Ward Profile. Data sources are listed at the end of the document
- Census 2011 data
- Central heating data 2011 census, from table QS415UK by ward
- Dwellings, household spaces and accommodation type 2011 census from table KS401EW by ward
- Census 2011 glossary
- English Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (in summary)
- Reading Winter Watch